Belajar Bahasa Hongkong

Mari Belajar Bahasa Kantonis Hongkong

Verb / Kata Kerja

Pengertian Kata kerja (verba) adalah kata yang berfungsi untuk menjelaskan tentang suatu aktifitas atau suatu perbuatan/kegiatan yang dilakukan oleh seseorang.
  • verb 動詞 tung6 ji4
SubjectVerbObject
ngo5yam2kaa3 fe1

  • negation 唔 m4
SubjectNegatingVerbObject
ngo5m4yam2kaa3 fe1

  • completed 咗 zo2
SubjectVerbCompletedObject
ngo5yam2zo2kaa3 fe1

  • Auxiliary Verb 會 wui2 (will, would)
SubjectAuxiliaryVerbObject
ngo5wui2yam2kaa3 fe1

  • -ing 緊 gan2 (in process of)
SubjectVerbActionObject
ngo5yam2kan2kaa3 fe1

be 係 hAi6 (locative) hAi2 (with adjective) hou2 Lit. very not be 唔係 m4 hAi6 ; (in questions) mAi6

1. Transitive Verb Vocabulary (SPO)
yau5have
mou5not have
heoi3go; pergi
laai4
come
ho2 yi5可以can, may
yiu3want, need
soeng2want to, would like to
cing2do, make
dzou6
sik6eat
yam2drink
cung1 yi3鍾意like
man6ask
mai5buy
kau3have enough
dzi1 dou3知道know
sik1know how to
hok6learn
cau2leave
deng1listen
jyu6 hai2live, reside
wan2look for
oi3love
fan1return, back, re-
kong2say, speak
dai2see
ming4 pak6明白understand
tang2
wait for

2. Intransitive Verb Vocabulary (S-P)
PreviousComing SoonNext

Baca Juga :
1. 6.
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang"

Hotel in Cantonese

  • Checking in a Hotel
辦理入住手續
baan6 lei5 yap6 zyu6 sau2 zuk6
check in
呢間酒店有冇~㗎?
ni1 kaan1 zau2 dim3 yau5 mou5 ~ gaa3?
Is there a ~ in this hotel?
呢度有~。li1 tou yau5 ~ .There is a ~.
客房服務餐車
haak3 fong2 fuk6 mou6 jaan1 je1
room service cart
兩張單人床
loeng5 zoeng1 daan1 yan4 jong4
twin-sized bed
雙人床 soeng1 yan4 jong4double-sized bed
自動販賣機
zi6 dung6 faan6 maai6 kei1
vending machine
特大雙人床
dak6 taai6 soeng1 yan4 jong4
king-sized bed

tin6 si6電視TV
zau2 long2走廊corridor
sing1 kong3 kei1升降機elevator
faa1 saa2花灑shower
juk6 gong1浴缸bathtub
sai2 sau2 bun4洗手盆sink
kwai6 doi2櫃檯front desk

  • Must-Know Hotel Vocabulary
cable TV有線電視jau5 sin3 tin6 si6
air conditioning冷氣laang5 hei3
heater暖氣lyun5 hei3
soap番梘faan1 kaan2
shampoo洗頭水sai2 dau4 seoi2
toothbrush牙刷ngaa4 jaat2
WI-FI無綫上網mou4 sin3 soeng5 mong5
swimming pool游泳池yau4 wing6 ci4
gym健身室kin6 san1 sat1
mountain view山景saan1 ging2
ocean view海景hoi2 ging2
all inclusive全部包晒cyun4 bou6 baau1 saai3
room number房間號碼fong4 kaan1 hou6 maa5
key鎖匙so2 si4
pushteui1
pulllaai1


你哋有冇空房呀?
lei tei yau mou hung fong a?
Do you have any rooms available?
可唔可以睇下間房先呀?
ho m ho yi dai ha kaan fong sin a?
May I see the room first?
單人房/雙人房 要幾多錢呀?
Dāanyàhnfóng/Sēungyàhnfóng yiu keito jhín a?
How much is a room for one person/two people?
用唔到無綫上網。
yung6 m4 tou2 mou4 sin3 soeng5 mong5
The WI-FI is not working.
沖涼房啲水好凍。
jung1 loeng4 fong2 di1 seoi2 hou2 tung3
The bathwater is cold.
冇毛巾。mou5 sou4 gan1There are no towels.
呢度好嘈。li1 tou6 hou2 jou4.It’s too noisy.


有冇間房會_____嘎?
yau mou kaan fong húi ____ a?
Do you have anything ____?
- quieter 靜啲 cing ti
- bigger 大啲 taai ti
- cleaner 乾淨啲 kon ceng ti
- cheaper 平啲 beng ti
你哋有冇_____嘎?
lei tei yau mou _____ a? 
Do you have a _____?
safe 夾萬 gaap maan lockers 儲物櫃 chyu mat gwai
我會喺度住_____晚
ngo wui hai tou jyu _____ maan
I will stay for _____ night(s)
好, 我要呢間
hou, ngo yiu li kaan
OK, I'll take it.
你可唔可以介紹第二間酒店俾我呀?
lei ho m4 hoyi kaai siu dai yi kaan cau tim pei ngo aa
Can you suggest another hotel?
PreviousNext


Baca Juga :
1. Tempat Tidur 6. Perlengkapan Toilet
2. Restaurants7. Perlengkapan Makan
3. Profesi8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang"

Nama Panggilan Keluarga

Nama Panggilan Keluarga

Nama Panggilan (Jeng fu)

Persinalpronoun
我   [ngo5]ISaya
你   [nei5]YouKamu
佢   [geoi5]He; She; ItDia

personal

pronoun

plural
我哋 [ngo5 tei6]WeKita
你哋 [nei5 tei6]YouKalian
佢哋 [geoi5 tei6]TheyMereka

Panggilan Keluarga

Ibu阿媽mami / mama /lou mo
Kakek公公kung1 kung1
Nenek婆婆bo4 bo2
Paman舅父gau5 fu2
Bibi

Kakak [P]家姐/姐kaa1 ce1; ce2 ce2
Adik [P]妹妹mui6 mui6
Anak [P]leoi5

You hereFamily Mother [up]Family Father [down]

Ayah爸爸papa /daddy /lou tau
Kakek爺爺ye4 ye2
Nenek嫲嫲maa4 maa4
Paman叔叔suk1 suk1
Bibi

Kakak [L]哥哥ko1 ko1
Adik [L]细佬sai3 lou2
Anak [L]兒子cai

Family Relation
Majikan老闆lou paan /kuchu /lou sai
suami老公lou5 kung1
istri老婆lou5 bo1
tuan小爺siu ye
nona小姐siu ce
tuan先生sinsang
nyoya太太dai dai




Personal Status
Duda--jong
Janda cerai
li fen
Menikah

Single


Saudara Kandung Laki Laki = Hingtai
Keponakan perempuan = Piuce
Keponakan Lelaki = Piuko


Boss
lo sai
Pembantu工人kung yan
Supir
si kei
Tamu
hak yan
Teman
bang yau

Baca Juga :
1. Kosakata Profesi6. Kalimat Keluarga
2. Hewan Peliharaan7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang"

Kalimat Pakaian


Questions to Use in a Clothing Store
我可唔可以試吓?
ngo5 ho2 m4 ho2 ji5 si3 haa5?
Can I try it on?
你有冇大一個碼㗎?
lei5 yau5 mou5 taai6 yat1 go3 maa5 kaa3?
Do you have it in a bigger size?
你收唔收信用卡㗎?
lei5 sau1 m4 sau1 seon3 yung6 kaat1 gaa3?
Do you accept credit card?
試身室喺邊?
si3 san1 sat1 hai2 pin1?
Where is the fitting room?
你有冇其他顏色㗎?
lei5 yau5 mou5 gei4 daa1 ngaan4 sik1 kaa3?
Do you have it in another color?
有冇得返嚟換過第二件㗎?
yau5 mou5 dak1 faan1 lai4 wun6 gwo3 dai6 yi6 kin6 gaa3?
Can I exchange it?


Baca Juga :
1. Kosakata Pakaian 6. Kosakata Warna
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang"

Supermarket in Cantonese

Supermarket in Cantonese
  • At the Supermarket
你要搵啲乜嘢?
lei yiu wan2 di1 mat ye?

What are you looking for?
kau3 mat6 laam2購物籃shopping basket
sau2 teoi1 ce1手推車shopping cart
laang5 dung3 sik6 ban2冷凍食品frozen section
beng2 dim3餅店bakery
jam2 ban2飲品beverages
hung3 bui6 jung6 ban2烘焙用品baking supplies
tiu4 mei6 liu2調味料condiments
suk6 sik6 bou6熟食部deli
so1 gwo2蔬菓produce
gun3 tau2 sik6 ban2罐頭食品canned food
ling4 sik6零食snacks
sin1 faa1鮮花floral department

  • Discounts and Payments
Supermarket超級市場jiu1 kap1 si5 jiong4
Sale大減價taai6 kaam2 kaa3
20% off八折baat3 zit3
HK$30 off平三十蚊beng4 saam1 sap6 man1
Buy 1, get 1 free買一送一mai5 yat sung3 yat
to save money儲錢cou2 jhin2
Cash現金jin6 kam1
credit card信用卡seon3 yung6 kaat1
debit card提款咭tai4 fun2 kaat1

Baca Juga :
1. 6.
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang" 

Kalimat di Sekolah


PHRASES IN CLASS
請回答我
cing2 wui4 daap3 ngo5
Please answer me.
你有冇問題?
nei5 jau5 mou5 man6 tai4?
Do you have a question?
唔該借你嘅筆記簿畀我
m4 goi1 ze3 nei5 ge3 bat1 gei3 bou2 bei2 ngo5.
Please lend me your notebook.
唔該望住你嘅課本
m4 goi1 mong6 zyu6 nei5 ge3 fo3 bun2.
Please look at your textbook.
請寫低 cing2 se2 dai1.Please write it down.
請打開你本書嘅第十頁
cing2 daa2 hoi1 nei5 bun2 syu1 ge3 dai6 sap6 jip6.
Please open your book on page 10.
請反覆聆聽。
cing2 faan2 fuk1 ling4 ting3.
Please listen and repeat.
唔該, 嚟多一次
m4 goi1, lei4 do1 jat1 ci3.
Once again, please.
請保持安靜
cing2 bou2 ci4 on1 zing6.
Please keep quiet.
如果你有任何問題, 請發問
jyu4 gwo2 nei5 jau5 jam6 ho4 man6 tai4, cing2 faat3 man6.
If you have any questions, please ask.
唔該, 慢啲
m4 goi1, maan6 di1.
Slowly, please.
請閱讀 cing2 jyut6 duk6.Please read it.

EXCUSES
我唔係好舒服, 我可唔可以請日假?
ngo m4 hai6  hou2 sifuk, ngo ho m4 hoyi ceng2 yat6 kaa3?
I don’t feel well. Can I be excused for the day?
我遲到因為等唔到巴士
ngo5  ji4 dou3  yanwai  tang2 m4 dou2  paa1 si2.
I am late because the bus did not show up.
有人偷咗我本書。
yau yan  tau1 zo2  ngo pun2 syu1. 
Someone stole my books.


Baca Juga :
1. Mata Pelajaran Sekolah 6. Kalimat Pekerjaan Sekolah
2. Kosakata di Sekolah7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang"

Hong Kong International Airport

Bandar Udara Internasional Hong Kong terletak di Hong Kong, tepatnya di Pulau Chek Lap Kok. Bandara ini merupakan salah satu bandara tersibuk di dunia. ya iyalah karena hongkong cuma punya 1 Bandara.
Udah ya gitu aja penjelasan tentang bandara HK, karena blog ini fokus untuk belajar bahasa Hong Kong.

  • Personal Belonging
passport護照wu6 ziu3
visa簽證cim1 zing3
suitcase行李箱hang4 lei5 soeng1
boarding pass登機票tang1 kei1 biu3
ID card 身份證san1 fan2 zing3

  • Sightseeing
離港lei4 kong2departure
抵港dai2 kong2arrival
國際航班kwok3 zai3 hong4 baan1international flight
國內航班kwok3 noi6 hong4 baan1domestic flight
海關hoi2 kwaan1customs
登機閘口tang1 kei1 yaap6 haau2departure gate

Bagasi行李hang lei
Pesawat Terbang飛機fei kei
Tiket Pesawat飛機票fei kei biu
Bandara /Airport飛機場fei kei jheong
Pilot
fei kei si
Naik Pesawat坐飛機jho fei kei
Flight attendant
hung1 zung1 fuk6 mou6 jyun4
Economy Class
king1 cai3 cong1
First Class
tau4 tang2 cong1
Emergency Exit
gan2 gap1 jut hau2
Life Jacket
gau3 sang1 ji1
Traveling旅行Loihang
Motion Sickness
wan4 long6


  • Airport Vocabulary
lei5 hai2 bin1 dou6?喺邊度?Where are you ?
hang4 lei5 jing6 leng5行李認領baggage claim
dang2 hau6 keoi1等候區waiting area
gam1 suk6 taam3 caak1 hei3金屬探測器metal detector
hang4 lei5 soeng1行李箱suitcase
zaap6 hau2 gwai6 toi2閘口櫃檯gate desk
zaap6 hau2閘口gate
siu2 maai6 bou6小賣部kiosk
zi6 zo6 dang1 gei3自助登記self check-in
dang1 gei1 gwai6 wai2登機櫃位check-in counter
hei2 fei1 si4 gaan3 hin2 si6 paai2起飛時間顯示牌departures board
fu4 sau2 din6 tai1扶手電梯escalator
dai2 daat6 si4 gaan3 hin2 si6 paai2抵達時間顯示牌arrivals board

Sentences

你嘅護照, 唔該。
lei5 ge3  wu6 ziu3, m4 goi1
Your passport, please.
呢個係我嘅護照。
li1 ko3 hai6 ngo5 ge3  wu6 ziu3
Here’s my passport.
會喺香港逗留幾耐?
wui5 hai2 hongkong tau6 lau4 kei2 loi6?
How long will you be staying?t
大概兩個星期。
taai6 koi3  loeng5 ko3  sing1 gei4.
About two weeks.
今次行程嘅目的係乜嘢?
gam1 ci3 hang4 cing4 ge3 muk6 dik1 hai6 mat1 ye5?
What’s the purpose of this trip?
公幹 kung1 kon3; Business.Loihang; Travelling
裏面有啲咩嘢 / 乜嘢?
leoi5 min6 yau5 di1 me1 ye5 / mat1 ye5?
What’s inside?
淨係我嘅個人物品。
zing6 hai6 ngo5 ge3  go3 yan4 mat6 pan2.
Only my personal belongings.
呢啲係朋友畀我嘅禮物。
liti hai6 bangyau pei2 ngo5 ge3  lai5 mat6.
These are presents from my friend.


Check-in desk artinya tempat di bandara untuk proses awal pemberangkatan.
Luggage artinya barang-barang bawaan.
Suitcase artinya koper.
Duffel bag artinya tas jinjing.
Boarding pass artinya kartu tanda naik pesawat.
Boarding time artinya waktu untuk penumpang naik ke pesawat.
Lounge artinya ruang bersantai di tempat umum.
Take-off artinya keberangkatan pesawat.
Flight artinya penerbangan pesawat.
Flight attendants artinya pramugari.
Seat belt artinya sabuk pengaman 
Check in artinya pemeriksaan menggunakan X-Ray.
Delayed artinya terlambat.
Gate artinya pintu.
One-way ticket artinya tiket sekali jalan.
Departure artinya keberangkatan.
Payphones artinya telepon umum.
Passport control artinya pemeriksaan paspor.
Customs artinya bagian bea cukai.
Cancelled artinya dibatalkan.
Arrival boards artinya papan informasi kedatangan.
Departures board artinya papan informasi keberangkatan.

Particle 嘅 [ge3/ge2]

Particle 嘅 [ge3/ge2]
ge3
  1. adjective suffix - use affixed to an adjective (kata sifat) and placed before a noun  (kata benda)
  2. possessive marker - functioning like " 's " or "of" 
  3. relative pronoun - that, who, which 
  4. final particle - connoting assertion with emphasis (menghubungkan pernyataan dengan penekanan)

ge2
     final particle - connoting assertion with doubt/surprise (konotasi pernyataan dengan keraguan / kejutan).

example:

佢嘅keoi5 ge3his, her, hers, its
佢哋嘅keoi5 tei6 ge3their; theirs
你哋嘅nei5 tei6 ge3your; yours
我哋嘅ngo5 tei6 ge3our; ours
人哋嘅yan4 tei6 ge3other people's
我嘅ngo5 ge3my; mine
你嘅lei5 ge3your; yours

Sentences :
你嘅教師係邊個呀?
lei5 ge3 kaau3 si1 hai pin1 ko3 aa?
Who is your teacher?
我嘅地埗喺呢度  
ngo5 ge3 tei6 ci hai2 li1 tou6
My address is here.
死咯,唔見咗我嘅荷包! 
sei2 laa, m4 kin3 co2 ngo ge3 ho4 paau1
Oh no! I can't find my wallet!
點解會噉嘅? 
tim2 kaai2 wui5 kem2 ge3
Why does it have to be like this?
我嘅肚唔舒服.  
ngo5 ge3 dou5 m4 syi1 fuk6
I have an upset stomach.
你嘅帽喺檯上面
lei5 ge3 mou6 hai2 doi4 soeng6 min6
Your hat is on the table.
係真嘅,我可以誓願㗎。  
ngo5 can1 ge3, ngo5 hoyi sai6 jyun6 gaa
It's true I swear!
隻雀嘅唱口幾好
zek3 zoek3 ge3 joeng3 hau2 kei2 hou2
That bird sings well.



Ekspresi Terkait Uang

Ekspresi Terkait Uang
The Hong Kong currency includes 10, 20, 50, 100 and 1000 Hong Kong bills and 10, 20, and 50 cent and 1, 2 and 5 Hong Kong dollar coins.
kong2 zi2港紙Hong Kong dollar
man1dollar
hou4 zi2毫子every ten cents
go3dot




HKD28yi6 sap6 paak3 man1
HKD10sap6 man1
HKD100yat1 paak3 man1
10 centsyat1 hou4 zi2
20 centsloeng3 hou4 zi2
50 centsem3 hou4 zi2
HKD39.5saam1 sap6 kau2 go3 pun3
HKD188.8yat1 paak3 paat3 sap6 paat3 go3 paat3
HKD42.99sei3 sap6 yi6 go3 kau2 hou4 kau2
HKD55.99em5 sap6 em5 man1 kau2 hou4 kau2
HK$1000yat1 jin1 man1

我冇哂錢 ngo5 mou5 saai3 jin2.I am broke.
我爭梗錢 ngo5 zaang1 kang2 jin2I am in debt.
你有冇錢?lei yau5 mou5 jin2?Do you have any money?
我想有錢 ngo soeng2 yau5 jin2.I want to be rich.
我可唔可以借啲錢? 
ngo ho2 m4 hoyi ce3 di1 jin2?
Can I borrow some money?
時間就係金錢 
si4 kaan3 cau6 hai6 kam1 jin4
Time is money.
你有冇錢?lei yau5 mou5 jin2?Are you rich?
我冇現金 ngo mou5 jin6 gam1I do not have cash.
我要慳錢 ngo5 yiu3 haan1 jin2,I need to save some money.
我啱啱出咗糧  
ngo5 aam1 aam1 jut1 co2 loeng4,
I just got paid.
我爭你幾多錢?
ngo5 zaang1 lei5 kei2 to1 jin2?
How much do I owe you?
我爭你錢 ngo zaang1 lei5 jin2I owe you.
我可唔可以拎返我啲錢?
ngo5 ho2 m4 ho2 yi5 ling1 faan1 ngo5 di1 jin2?
Can I get my money back?
你今日負責畀錢
nei5 kam1 yat6 fu6 zaak3 pei2 jin2.
You're paying today.
PreviousNext


Baca Juga :
1. 6.
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang"

Waktu / Jam

  • How to tell time in Cantonese
soeng6 cau3上晝AM
haa6 cau3下晝PM
tim2o'clock
pun3half past
pun go zung 半個鐘half an hour
cung1 dau4鐘頭hour
fen1 cung1分鐘minute
go zi個字kelipatan 5 menit
daapstep of number
miu5seconds; detik



 example :
9:30kau tim pun
5:03em tim leng sam fen
4:10se tim sap fen
6:45lok tim se sap em fen
01.00yat tim cung
02.07liong tim jat fencung
03.15sam tim sam koci/ sam tim sam/ sam tim sap em fencung
04.30 se tim pun/ se tim sam sap fencung
05.45em tim kau koci/ em tim se sap em fencung
06.10lok tim sap fencung/ lok tim yi/ lok tim liong koci
07.50jat tim em sap fencung/ jat tim tap sap


上午
上晝
朝早
朝頭早
seung ng
seung zau
ziu zou
ziu dau zou
morning
下晝
下午
晏晝
haa zau
haa ng
ngaan zau
afternoon
夜晚
晚黑
ye maan
maan hak
night
零晨
平夜
ling san
pun ye
midnight
PreviousComing SoonNext


Present

Sekarang而家 yi ka
Hari inikam yat
Pagi inikem ciu
Sore ini
Malam ini今晚 kem man / kam man
Bulan ini今月 kem ko yut
Tahun ini今年 kem lin

Past

Tadidau sin
Kemaringam yat
Kemarin lusajin yat
Kemarin malamgam man
Bulan Kemarinseong ko yut
tahun kemarinseong lin
...ago

Future

Nanticeng kan
Segera
Besokding yat
Besok lusahau yat
Besok malamding man
Bulan depanha ko yut
Tahun depanha lin / jut lin
in...

Decades

60slok sap lin loi
70sjat sap lin loi
80spak sap lin loi
90skau sap lin loi

Centuries

20th centuryyaa sai kei
21st centuryyaa yi sai ke

Baca Juga :
1. Hari Bulan Tahun 6.
2. 7.
3. 8.
4. 9.
5. 10.

NB: Bagi kakak" senior jangan lupa ditambahkan ya, SHARE dan tinggalkan COMMENT. "Semoga bermanfaat untuk generasi mendatang"
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